What is Endpoint Security?

April 13, 2022



Even though it is now dying down, the pandemic has changed our lives in many ways. We work remotely, join classes from home, and frequently shop online instead of going to the malls. As a result, we often connect to our individual network instead of a safe corporate network. Ever thought about how these changes affect your computer’s security? In this blog post, we’re going to talk about endpoints, and how to secure them.

1. What is considered an Endpoint?

This image shows examples of endpoints.

If a device is connected to a network, it is considered an endpoint. Endpoints can range from commonly thought of devices such as:

  • Laptops
  • Tablets
  • Mobile devices
  • Smartwatches
  • Printers
  • Servers
  • ATMs
  • Medical devices
  • Other devices that communicate with the central network

With the growing popularity of “Bring your own device” (BYOD) and “Internet of Things” (IoT), the number of individual devices connected to an organization's network increased quickly. Because they are entry points for threats and malware, endpoints are easy targets for attacks. Mobile endpoint devices have become much more than just phones. Wearable devices, smartwatches, digital assistants like Alexa, and other IoT-enabled smart devices are also considered mobile endpoints. We now have network-connected sensors in our cars, airplanes, hospitals, and in almost every other place you can think of. Endpoints serve as points of access to an enterprise network and create points of entry that can be exploited by malicious actors. Security solutions for endpoints need to adapt as the different types of endpoints are evolving and expanding. 

2. What is Endpoint Security?

Endpoint security, or endpoint protection, refers to securing endpoints or entry points, specifically end-user devices like desktops, laptops, and mobile devices. 

This image shows the concept of securing endpoints.

Endpoint security software protects endpoints on a network or in the cloud from cybersecurity threats. Endpoint security has evolved from traditional antivirus software to provide comprehensive protection. 

Organizations of all sizes are at risk from organized crime, cybersecurity threats, various types of attacks, and malicious or accidental insider threats. When companies secure their endpoints, they can maintain greater control over access points. Endpoint security is often seen as the frontline of cybersecurity and represents one of the first places organizations look to secure their enterprise networks.

As cybersecurity threats become more common and sophisticated, more advanced endpoint security solutions have become a necessity. Most endpoint protection systems that are popular today are designed to quickly detect, analyze, block, and contain attacks in progress. To do this, they need to collaborate with various security technologies and give administrators visibility. Advanced threats need to be quickly detected and reported to administrators, and the response time for remediation should be as low as possible.

3. Why is Endpoint Security Important? 

In today’s business world, the most valuable possession a company has is data. Losing the data itself or losing access to that data weakens the entire business. Enterprises and their employees are incorporating practices to make access to data more accessible. This causes an increase in policies such as BYOD and increases the risk of attackers targeting mobile device access and networks, creating endpoint vulnerabilities. In addition, employees work from home or connect to Wi-Fi networks to work on the go. With the shift of the pandemic, the number of endpoints is only increasing. According to multiple studies, a large majority of US workers were remote in 2020, and more than half continued to work remotely in April 2021. Unprotected endpoints pose great risks, and the sensitive data contained in them needs to be protected firmly.

Most security breaches used to come in through the network. Today, threats are increasingly coming from endpoints, and using only centralized network protection is not sufficient. Security measurements must have control over access points and prevent vulnerabilities that can arise through remote devices.

These factors alone imply the importance of enterprise endpoint. Aside from them, it must be noted that the threat landscape is becoming more complicated. Hackers are coming up with new ways to gain access and take over resources, steal information, or manipulate employees into sharing sensitive information. Every remote endpoint can easily become an attack surface, and businesses of all sizes are attractive targets for cyberattacks.

4. Common Components of Endpoint Security

To simplify, endpoint security software typically includes the following key components:

  • Machine learning classification to detect threats in real-time
  • Advanced anti-malware and antivirus protection to detect, protect, and quarantine malware across multiple endpoint devices and operating systems
  • Proactive web security to provide safe browsing
  • Data loss prevention methods to prevent data loss and exfiltration
  • Integrated firewall
  • E-mail gateway to block phishing and social engineering attempts targeting employees
  • Insider threat protection to protect the endpoints against unintentional but potentially malicious actions
  • Centralized endpoint management platform to give admins increased visibility and simplify the management process
  •  Disk encryption to further protect the data

Further digging into the topic, endpoint security tools that provide continuous breach prevention must integrate the following fundamental elements:

This image shows the must-have components of Endpoint Security Solutions.

a. Prevention

Traditional antivirus solutions do not suffice for endpoint protection. They function by comparing malicious signatures, such as bits of code, to a database that is kept up to date. These databases are updated whenever a new malware signature is identified. Such systems detect less than half of all attacks. The main problem of this scheme is that if malware has not been identified yet, it will not be found in the database. The time a piece of malware is released into the world and the time it becomes identifiable by traditional antivirus solutions are different.

Next-generation antivirus solutions help endpoint management software close that gap by using more advanced technologies. These technologies include AI and machine learning, identifying new malware by examining more elements, such as file hashes, URLs, and IP addresses.

b. Detection

Prevention by itself is not enough to keep endpoints secure. Software defenses are not perfect, and some attacks will always make it through them and penetrate the network. The conventional security approach does not react fast enough when this happens. This leaves attackers free to wander inside an environment for days, weeks, maybe even longer. Businesses need a solution to react to these attacks faster by finding and removing attackers quickly.

To respond to such attackers quickly, an Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR) solution is needed. EDR provides continuous and reliable visibility into endpoints in real-time. Businesses should look for solutions that offer advanced threat detection and investigation. The Qualys EDR module is a good candidate.

c. Managed Threat Hunting

Automation cannot detect all attacks. The expertise of security professionals is necessary to identify potential false positives and detect sophisticated attacks.

Managed threat hunting is conducted by teams that include those professionals. Using old incidents and crowd-sourced data, the responsible team guides us on how to detect malicious activity and respond to it.

d. Threat Intelligence Integration

Threats in the cybersecurity world are always evolving. To keep up with attackers, businesses need to understand threats as they evolve. Sophisticated, advanced threats can move quickly and stealthily, and security teams need to ensure their defenses are sufficient to prevent, detect, and respond to those threats.

A typical threat intelligence integration solution incorporates automation to investigate all incidents and uses them to gain knowledge. It generates custom indicators directly from the endpoints; and uses them to react proactively against future attacks. The human element for threat intelligence integration consists of expert security researchers, threat analysts, cultural experts, and linguists. By including such a team, it is possible to interpret emerging threats in a variety of contexts.

5. How Does Endpoint Security Work

Endpoint security is the practice of guarding the data and workflows associated with the devices that connect to a managed network. The terms endpoint protection, endpoint security, and endpoint protection platform describe the security solutions with central solutions. Endpoint protection platforms protect endpoints like servers, workstations, mobile devices, and workloads from cybersecurity threats. Endpoint protection solutions work by examining files, processes, and system activity, and using them to find suspicious or malicious behavior.

The platforms provide a centralized console, which is installed on a network gateway or server and allows controlling each device remotely. Client software is assigned to each endpoint. It can be delivered remotely or can be installed directly on the device. Once the setup is completed, the client software can be used to push updates to endpoints, authenticate log-in attempts from each device, and assign corporate policies. Through application control, applications that are unsafe or unauthorized can be blocked. Through encryption, data loss can be prevented.

Endpoint protection solutions can be examined in three categories: the traditional approach, the hybrid approach, or the cloud-based model. While cloud-based products are more scalable and can easily integrate with your architecture, certain regulatory/compliance rules may require on-premises security.

This image shows the different approaches to Endpoint Security.

The Traditional approach describes on-premises security posture. It relies on a locally hosted data center. The data center acts as the hub for the management console, and the hub reaches out to the endpoints through an agent to provide security. In this model, administrators can only manage endpoints within the reach of the hub.

With the increase in the “work from home” model, the use of stationary desktop devices significantly decreased for many organizations. Along with the globalization of workforces, the limitations of the on-premises approach have come to light. As a result, some endpoint protection solution platforms have shifted to a hybrid approach. This approach takes a legacy architecture design and makes changes to it for the purpose of giving it some cloud capabilities.

The third approach is a cloud-based solution. In this model, administrators can remotely monitor and manage endpoints using a centralized management console. The console uses the cloud to connect to devices remotely through an agent on them. The agent can work independently to provide security for the endpoint while it’s offline. Modern platforms are often cloud-based, using a cloud helps them to hold a large, growing database of threat information. As a result, endpoints do not have to store all this information locally and keep it up to date. Storing this data in the cloud allows greater speed and scalability.

6. How enterprise endpoint protection differs from consumer endpoint protection

The differences between enterprise and personal endpoint protection can be summarized with the following bullet points:

Enterprise Endpoint Security Protection Consumer Endpoint Security Protection
Better at managing a collection of endpoints Manages a small number of single-user endpoints
Comes with central management hub software Endpoints need to be set up and configured individually
Provides remote administration capabilities Does not require remote management
Endpoint protection on devices can be configured remotely Endpoint protection is configured directly on the device
Deploys patches and updates to all relevant endpoints Automatic updates for each device needs to be enabled by the user
Requires different levels of permissions depending on the level of control Uses administrative permissions
Can be used to monitor employee devices, activity, and behavior Activity and behavior monitoring limited to the user

7. Endpoint Security Solutions (Azure Intune, Datto, etc.)

There are loads of software and services that offer endpoint platforms. The ultimate choice depends on the company size, the endpoint count, and resource restrictions. As PurpleBox, we provide Endpoint Security services in partnership with Qualys, Datto RMM, and Microsoft Endpoint Manager.

Qualys: 

Qualys can be integrated with PCs, laptops, tablets, smartphones, IoT devices. It gives the admin continuous, real-time visibility into all endpoints. 

Qualys logo

 Some of the useful functionalities of Qualys are:

  • Discovers and inventories endpoints,
  • It shows hardware specs of endpoints, installed software, locations, users, vulnerabilities, exploits, and misconfigurations,
  • It allows remote patching and remediation prioritization,
  • It finds and addresses vulnerabilities,
  • It detects malware,
  • It automatically detects suspicious activity and ensures advanced attacks and breaches are stopped,
  • It involves threat hunting and real-time forensics,
  • It allows us to respond to and remediate incidents in real-time.

Equipped with Qualys, we can secure our endpoints, and comply with policies and regulations.

Datto RMM: 

RMM stands for Remote Monitoring and Management. These are software tools that are used by IT service providers to remotely manage all their client’s infrastructure. Datto RMM is a fully-featured, secure, cloud-based platform. It includes the Endpoint Platform essentials, allowing us to remotely secure, monitor, manage, and support endpoints. Offering centralizing management of all endpoints, including those hosted on cloud platforms, Datto allows cost optimization and increased delivery efficiency. 

Datto logo

Datto is equipped with:

  • Automated patch management to deliver policy-based patch management to keep endpoints secure from the latest threats,
  • Monitoring, automation, and scripting, including third-party validated Ransomware Detection that monitors for and reduces the impact of ransomware,
  • Remote support that can be reached with a single click.

Microsoft Endpoint Manager:

Microsoft Endpoint Manager, formerly known as Intune, is a flexible, cloud-based endpoint management tool. Intune gives the admins full control, allowing them to deploy policies, manage enrolled devices, and even protect unenrolled devices through integrations.

Intune integrates with Azure Active Directory to control who has access and what they can access. It also integrates with Azure Information Protection for data protection. It can be used with the Microsoft 365 suite of products. This feature enables people in your organization to be productive on all their devices while keeping your data protected.

Microsoft Intune Logo

With Intune, you can:

  • Choose to be completely on the cloud with Intune or be co-managed with Configuration Manager and Intune,
  • Set rules and configure settings on personal and organization-owned devices to access data and networks,
  • Deploy and authenticate apps on devices,
  • Protect your company data by controlling how users access and share information,
  • Ensure devices and apps are compliant with your company’s security requirements,
  • Support a diverse BYOD ecosystem,
  • Enable unified endpoint security with Zero Trust security controls,
  • Protect work data with or without device enrollment,
  • Optimize user satisfaction with advanced endpoint analytics,
  • Get a highly scalable, globally distributed modern management service.

8. Conclusion

In this blog post, we introduced the concept of endpoints and defined endpoint security. With new threats evolving every day, we need automated software that gives us visibility into the security of our endpoints. This visibility is gained with the help of endpoint management software. We covered the main components which each endpoint management platform must have, and how the software is deployed on our endpoints. Lastly, we took a look at endpoint security solutions.

As PurpleBox, we are here to offer you the best-fitting solution for your organization, and keep your endpoints secure. Check out our Endpoint Security services and let’s get started today!